Saturday, June 6, 2015

Top 11 Menstrual Tips for Every Girl and Woman

                     Menstruation or menses or Period is the periodic discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. It's the time of month when you have to deal with pain and cramps, bloating and a general irritation brought on by your period.

If suffering from these symptoms is a regular part of your menstrual cycle, try these helpful tips and get some relief. Here are top 11 tips to maintain this prolem or hygiene during your periods :

1. Choose your method of sanitation :
There are a number of ways including the use of sanitary napkins, tampons and menstrual cups to stay clean. So, try to use best, comfortable sanitary napkins, pads.

2. Change regularly :
If sanitary napkin is unchange then more chance to Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), vaginal infections and skin rashes. The standard time to change a sanitary pad is once every six hours, while for a tampon is once every two hours.

3. Wash yourself regularly :
When you menstruate, the blood tends to enter tiny spaces like the skin between your labia or crust around the opening of the vagina and you should always wash this excess blood away. This practice also tends to beat bad odour from the vaginal region.

4. Right washing technique :
Always wash or clean the area in a motion that is from the vagina to the anus. Never wash in the opposite direction. Washing in the opposite direction can cause Bacteria from the anus to lodge in the vagina and urethral opening, leading to infections.

Related Article :
-  Menstrual Cycle
-  Premenstrual Syndrome [ PMS ]
-  13 Cancer Symptoms Women Shouldn't Ignore

Chickenpox (Varicella)

                  Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV). It is also known as  Varicella. The disease results in a characteristic skin rash that forms small, itchy blisters, which eventually scab over. It usually starts on the face, chest, and back and then spreads to the rest of the body. Other symptoms may include fever, feeling tired, and headaches. Symptoms usually last five to ten days.

Incubation Period
14-16 days (10-21 days)

Mode Of Transmission
1. By droplet infection
2. Face to face contact
3. Transplacental transmission is also possible

Sign & Symptoms
1. Pre-eruptive Stage
- Mild or moderate fever
- Pain in back
- Malaise
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea
2. Eruptive Stages
- Rash : symmetrical, first appear on trunk & then comes on the face, arms and legs.
- Dew-drop rash present
- Itching
- Blisters may also occur on the palms, soles, and genital area.

Related Article :
-  Chicken Pox (Varicella)
-  Fever and Rash Diagnosis
-  Swine Influenza (H1N1)

Friday, June 5, 2015

Kidney stones [ Renal Calculi ]

                       A kidney stone is a solid piece of material which formed in the kidneys from minerals in the urine. It is also known as Renal Calculi or Renal lithiasis or Nephrolithiasis. Dehydration is a major risk factor for kidney stone formation.

1. A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract.
2. Nephrolithiasis is the medical term for kidney stones.
3. Dehydration is a major risk factor for kidney stone formation.
4. Symptoms of a kidney stone include flank pain (the pain can be quite severe) and blood in the urine (hematuria).
5. Diagnosis of kidney stones is best accomplished using an ultrasound, IVP, or a CT scan.

Risk Factors
✪ Male sex
✪ Obesity
✪ Family History
✪ H/o stone disease (1/2 will have recurrence)
✪ Dietary factors
- Lower fluid intake, higher animal protein, higher Vitamin C
✪ Medical factors

Types Of Stone
1. Calcium Oxalate 
- Incidence 80%
- Crystal shape : Envelope
2. Calcium Phosphate 
- Incidence < 5%
- Crystal shape : Amorphous
3. Struvite 
- Incidence 10%
- Crystal shape : Coffin-lid
4. Urice Acid 
- Incidence 10%
- Crystal shape : Diamond
5. Cystine
- Incidence < 1%
- Crystal shape : Hexogonal.

Related Article :
-  Phimosis
-  Urinaru Tract Infection ( UTI )
-  Acute Rheumatic Fever